The Criminal Code (StGB) and many other laws contain legal provisions prohibiting certain behaviour (murder, fraud, theft,…) The task of criminal proceedings is to establish the guilt or innocence of the accused in a procedure conducted according to certain rules with the help of the Public Prosecutor's Office and the Court and to find a fair verdict for all parties. Since such a criminal procedure constitutes a very significant interference for the accused, such a procedure takes place in accordance with strict rules of the Code of Criminal Procedure (StPO). Only a defender (lawyer) can know how best to defend yourself with which rights. For example, you have the right to remain silent, that is to say, to refuse to testify, but also to ask for evidence.
There are traditionally three sections of criminal proceedings: the pre-trial procedure, which is in the hands of the Public Prosecutor's Office and serves to identify exculpatory and exculpatory facts. In the so-called interim proceedings, the court decides whether a trial date is to be set. The real focus of criminal proceedings is on the main hearing in court. Witnesses are almost always heard here and other evidence is also collected. It is not uncommon for such negotiations to take several days of negotiations. In addition, only the defender receives access to the file, but never the accused himself. Therefore, a defence lawyer is practically indispensable for such a criminal case.